Erkenntnis Rechtserzeugung Und Staat Bei Kant Und Fichte Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Erkenntnis, Rechtserzeugung und Staat bei Kant und Fichte
Author: Jens Eisfeld
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161527437
Pages: 476
Year: 2015-04-09
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Jens Eisfeld analysiert die rechts- und staatstheoretischen Lehren von Immanuel Kant und Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Ein Schwerpunkt der Untersuchung betrifft die philosophischen Grundlagen dieser Lehren. Es wird somit nicht nur die Frage nach dem Inhalt der Rechts- und Staatstheorien von Kant und Fichte gestellt, sondern auch und insbesondere die nach deren allgemeinen erkenntnis- und wissenschaftstheoretischen Voraussetzungen. Im Hinblick auf die erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlagen zeigt sich die zentrale Bedeutung der Zweiweltenlehre, also der Überzeugung von der Existenz einer selbständigen bzw. subjektunabhängigen Welt der Dinge an sich: Während Kant auf der Grundlage der Zweiweltenlehre seine Vernunftrechtsphilosophie entwickelt, schafft Fichte die Zweiweltenlehre ab und kann so faktische Rechtsgeltung und epistemische Rechtsverbindlichkeit in einer Theorie des positiven Rechts vereinigen.
Kant and his German Contemporaries
Author: Daniel O. Dahlstrom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107178169
Pages: 304
Year: 2018-10-11
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Uncovers the rich diversity and distinctive accomplishments of eighteenth-century German thinking, long overshadowed by Kant's philosophy.
Kant and his German Contemporaries: Volume 2, Aesthetics, History, Politics, and Religion
Author: Daniel O. Dahlstrom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316832546
Pages:
Year: 2018-10-31
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Kant's philosophical achievements have long overshadowed those of his German contemporaries, often to the point of concealing his contemporaries' influence upon him. This volume of new essays draws on recent research into the rich complexity of eighteenth-century German thought, examining key figures in the development of aesthetics and art history, the philosophy of history and education, political philosophy, and the philosophy of religion. The essays range over numerous thinkers including Baumgarten, Mendelssohn, Meyer, Winckelmann, Herder, Schiller, Hamann and Fichte, showing how they variously influenced, challenged, and revised Kant's philosophy, at times moving it in novel directions unacceptable to the magister himself. The volume will be valuable for all who are interested in this distinctive period of German philosophy.
Zeitschrift für Rechtsphilosophie Neue Folge 1/2017
Author: Thomas Sören Hoffmann, Stephan Stübinger
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643997817
Pages: 216
Year: 2018
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Der erste Band der "Neuen Folge" der ZRPh versammelt Beiträge, die thematisch um eine aktuelle rechtsphilosophische Aneignung von Positionen Kants, Fichtes und Hegels zur Begründung der Strafe oder des Eigentums kreisen. Andere Beiträge erörtern die Bedeutung des Begriffs der Grenze für das Recht oder rechtsphilosophische Bezüge der Sozialphilosophie A. Honneths. Der Band umfaßt zudem ein Editorial zum Neustart der Zeitschrift sowie einen Rezensionenteil. Prof. Dr. Thomas Sören Hoffmann ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls Praktische Philosophie I: Ethik - Recht - Ökonomie an der FernUniversität Hagen. Prof. Dr. Stephan Stübinger ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Strafrecht, Strafrechtsgeschichte und Rechtsphilosophie an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der FernUniversität Hagen.
Freiheit und Staatlichkeit bei Kant
Author: Philipp-Alexander Hirsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110530074
Pages: 492
Year: 2017-07-10
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Wie verhalten sich Freiheit und Staatlichkeit in Kants Rechtslehre? Und welche Bedeutung kommt hierbei seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie zu? Hirschs Untersuchung zeigt, dass bei Kant Recht und Staat notwendige Realisationsbedingungen individueller Autonomie sind. Erst als autonome und selbstzweckhafte Personen haben wir Freiheitsrechte, welche wir aber nur im Staat legitim behaupten können. Denn nur unter der Idee von Staatlichkeit als Vereinigung des gesetzgebenden Willens aller kann rechtliche Fremdverpflichtung als Selbstverpflichtung begriffen werden. Staatlichkeit dient damit der Verwirklichung individueller Autonomie und Freiheit. Hierin liegt das Reformideal politischer Herrschaft. Doch Rechtsdurchsetzung gegen den Staat ist unmöglich, sodass aktiver Widerstand nie rechtens, aber mitunter entschuldbar ist. Damit gelingt es Hirsch erstmals, Kants Rechts- und politische Philosophie ausgehend vom kategorischen Imperativ als integralen Bestandteil seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie auszuweisen. Gleichzeitig lässt sich so erklären, wie Anerkennung individueller Freiheitsrechte, staatlicher Rechtszwang und unbedingte staatsbürgerliche Gehorsamspflicht als Ausdruck des politischen Liberalismus Kants miteinander vereinbar sind.
Fichtes "Reden an die deutsche Nation," oder, Vom Ich zum Wir
Author: Stefan Reiß
Publisher:
ISBN: 3050042583
Pages: 239
Year: 2006
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The Phenomenological Approach to Social Reality
Author: Alessandro Salice, Hans Bernhard Schmid
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319276921
Pages: 379
Year: 2016-02-24
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This volume features fourteen essays that examine the works of key figures within the phenomenological movement in a clear and accessible way. It presents the fertile, groundbreaking, and unique aspects of phenomenological theorizing against the background of contemporary debate about social ontology and collective intentionality. The expert contributors explore the insights of such thinkers as Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Adolf Reinach, and Max Scheler. Readers will also learn about other sources that, although almost wholly neglected by historians of philosophy, testify to the vitality of the phenomenological tradition. In addition, the contributions highlight the systematic relevance of phenomenological research by pinpointing its position on social ontology and collective intentionality within the history of philosophy. By presenting phenomenological contributions in a scholarly yet accessible way, this volume introduces an interesting and important perspective into contemporary debate insofar as it bridges the gap between the analytical and the continental traditions in social philosophy. The volume provides readers with a deep understanding into such questions as: What does it mean to share experiences with others? What does it mean to share emotions with friends or to share intentions with partners in a joint endeavor? What are groups? What are institutional facts like money, universities, and cocktail parties? What are values and what role do values play in social reality?
Political Romanticism
Author: Carl Schmitt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135149869X
Pages: 227
Year: 2017-07-12
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A pioneer in legal and political theory, Schmitt traces the prehistory of political romanticism by examining its relationship to revolutionary and reactionary tendencies in modern European history. Both the partisans of the French Revolution and its most embittered enemies were numbered among the romantics. During the movement for German national unity at the beginning of the nineteenth century, both revolutionaries and reactionaries counted themselves as romantics. According to Schmitt, the use of the concept to designate opposed political positions results from the character of political romanticism: its unpredictable quality and lack of commitment to any substantive political position. The romantic person acts in such a way that his imagination can be affected. He acts insofar as he is moved. Thus an action is not a performance or something one does, but rather an affect or a mood, something one feels. The product of an action is not a result that can be evaluated according to moral standards, but rather an emotional experience that can be judged only in aesthetic and emotive terms. These observations lead Schmitt to a profound reflection on the shortcomings of liberal politics. Apart from the liberal rule of law and its institution of an autonomous private sphere, the romantic inner sanctum of purely personal experience could not exist. Without the security of the private realm, the romantic imagination would be subject to unpredictable incursions. Only in a bourgeois world can the individual become both absolutely sovereign and thoroughly privatized: a master builder in the cathedral of his personality. An adequate political order cannot be maintained on such a tolerant individualism, concludes Schmitt.
Justice among Nations
Author: Stephen C. Neff
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674726545
Pages: 640
Year: 2014-02-18
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Justice among Nations tells the story of the rise of international law and how it has been formulated, debated, contested, and put into practice from ancient times to the present. Stephen Neff avoids technical jargon as he surveys doctrines from natural law to feminism, and practice from the Warring States of China to the international criminal courts of today. Ancient China produced the first rudimentary set of doctrines. But the cornerstone of international law was laid by the Romans, in the form of universal natural law. However, as medieval European states encountered non-Christian peoples from East Asia to the New World, new legal quandaries arose, and by the seventeenth century the first modern theories of international law were devised.New challenges in the nineteenth century encompassed nationalism, free trade, imperialism, international organizations, and arbitration. Innovative doctrines included liberalism, the nationality school, and solidarism. The twentieth century witnessed the League of Nations and a World Court, but also the rise of socialist and fascist states and the advent of the Cold War. Yet the collapse of the Soviet Union brought little respite. As Neff makes clear, further threats to the rule of law today come from environmental pressures, genocide, and terrorism.
American Legal History: A Very Short Introduction
Author: G. Edward White
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199766002
Pages: 149
Year: 2013-12
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A concise examination of the central role of legal decisions in shaping key social issues explores topics ranging from Native American affairs and slavery to business and home life as well as how criminal and civil offenses have been addressed in positive and negative ways. Original.
Lectures on Metaphysics
Author: Immanuel Kant, Karl Ameriks, Steve Naragon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521000769
Pages: 696
Year: 2001-10-01
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This volume contains the first translation into English of notes from Kant's lectures on metaphysics.
Villagers and Lords in Eastern Europe, 1300-1800
Author: Markus Cerman
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137265612
Pages: 176
Year: 2012-09-03
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This new study provides an up-to-date survey of social and economic developments in early modern Eastern European rural societies. Markus Cerman revises the traditional images of mighty lords and poor, powerless 'serf peasants', discussing the theories which led to the assumption that serfdom existed throughout the region. Cerman contrasts the interpretation of a long-term backwardness with a fresh view of the legal, social and economic status of villagers, their living standards and their role in actively shaping rural communities. Featuring helpful tables, a glossary and a comprehensive bibliography, this is a stimulating reassessment for anyone studying this period and often neglected topic in European history.
Contested Ethnicities and Images
Author: David L. Balch
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161523369
Pages: 499
Year: 2015-04-28
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David L. Balch argues that Luke-Acts participates in the ethnic, economic, and political debates of the first century CE. Cities and peoples are to receive immigrating foreigners (Act. 10.28); the proud urban rich are to humble themselves and become one community with the poor. Imperial Rome's expanding to include diverse peoples was the driving force that drove conflicts around ethnic inclusion and exclusion in Rome itself, but also in Athens and Jerusalem. Luke's biography of Jesus narrates him as founder who fulfilled Isaiah's prophecies and changed Moses' laws by receiving foreigners (Luk 4.19), which generated mission growth. Balch also relates New Testament texts to Roman domestic visual representations, presenting e.g. women as priests, believing charismatics parallel to Dionysiac maenads, and Thecla, who belonged to "a category of women [painted by Roman artists] who upset expected forms of conduct" (Bergmann).
The Divine Image
Author: Jill Middlemas
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161537246
Pages: 200
Year: 2015-01-09
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Although attempts to understand the growth of aniconism focus on the Pentateuchal legal material, scholars increasingly make reference to the prophetic literature to illuminate the debate. Jill Middlemas provides the first comprehensive analysis of the prophets with attention to rhetorical strategies that reflect anti-iconic thought and promote iconoclasm. After illuminating the idol polemics, which is the rhetoric most often associated with aniconism, she draws out how prophecy also exposes a reticence towards cultic symbols and mental images of Yahweh. At the same time the theme of incomparability as well as the use of metaphor and multiple imaging, paradoxically, reveal additional ways to express aniconic belief or the destabilization of a single divine image. Middlemas' analysis of prophetic aniconism sheds new light on interpretations of the most iconic expression in the Old Testament, the imago dei passages in Genesis, where God is said to create humanity in the divin e image.
Community, Anarchy and Liberty
Author: Michael Taylor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521270146
Pages: 184
Year: 1982-09-09
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Author argues for a viable and stable form of anarchic or stateless society, relying crucially on a form of community. He examines existing anarchic or semi-anarchic societies to show that it is possible to maintain ideals in a communitarian anarchy.