Evaluation Und Recht Strukturen Prozesse Und Legitimationsfragen Staatlicher Wissensgewinnung Durch Wissenschafts Evaluationen Jus Publicum Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Evaluation und Recht
Author: Margrit Seckelmann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161543904
Pages: 712
Year: 2018-06-28
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Wie verschaffen sich Gesetzgebung und Verwaltung Wissen über die Wirkungen ihrer Regelungsprogramme und über die Effekte und Erfolge der von ihnen gewährten Fördergelder? Und müssen sie dies überhaupt? Margrit Seckelmann geht dem Einsatz von evaluativen Verfahren als Instrumenten staatlicher Wissensgewinnung und Wirkungsüberprüfung nach. Dabei behandelt sie die Genese von Evaluationen als policy- Elementen, die Frage nach dem Bestehen einer "Beobachtungs-" oder "Evaluationspflicht" und die Probleme von Evaluationsklauseln als Elementen einer "sunset legislation". Exemplifiziert anhand der Wissenschaftspolitik untersucht sie dann die bei Evaluations- und Akkreditierungsverfahren zugrunde gelegten Methoden und setzt sich mit den von ihnen jeweils ausgehenden Gefahren einer Fehlsteuerung sowie den mit ihrem Einsatz verbundenen Rechtsfragen auseinander. Die vorliegende Habilitationsschrift wurde mit dem Preis für Wissenschaftsrecht 2018 des Vereins zur Förderung des deutschen & internationalen Wissenschaftsrechts ausgezeichnet.
Understanding the Sources of Early Modern and Modern Commercial Law
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004363149
Pages: 420
Year: 2018-03-15
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The contributions of Understanding the Sources of Early Modern and Modern Commercial Law show an excellent assemblage of sources which historians of commercial law use. Besides normative sources, others are often needed to complement them.
Habeas Corpus in Wartime
Author: Amanda L. Tyler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199856664
Pages: 448
Year: 2017
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Habeas Corpus in Wartime unearths and presents a comprehensive account of the legal and political history of habeas corpus in wartime in the Anglo-American legal tradition. The book begins by tracing the origins of the habeas privilege in English law, giving special attention to the English Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, which limited the scope of executive detention and used the machinery of the English courts to enforce its terms. It also explores the circumstances that led Parliament to invent the concept of suspension as a tool for setting aside the protections of the Habeas Corpus Act in wartime. Turning to the United States, the book highlights how the English suspension framework greatly influenced the development of early American habeas law before and after the American Revolution and during the Founding period, when the United States Constitution enshrined a habeas privilege in its Suspension Clause. The book then chronicles the story of the habeas privilege and suspension over the course of American history, giving special attention to the Civil War period. The final chapters explore how the challenges posed by modern warfare during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries have placed great strain on the previously well-settled understanding of the role of the habeas privilege and suspension in American constitutional law. Throughout, the book draws upon a wealth of original and heretofore untapped historical resources to shed light on the purpose and role of the Suspension Clause in the United States Constitution, revealing all along that many of the questions that arise today regarding the scope of executive power to arrest and detain in wartime are not new ones.
Genetics in the Madhouse
Author: Theodore M. Porter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400890500
Pages: 464
Year: 2018-06-05
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The untold story of how hereditary data in mental hospitals gave rise to the science of human heredity In the early 1800s, a century before there was any concept of the gene, physicians in insane asylums began to record causes of madness in their admission books. Almost from the beginning, they pointed to heredity as the most important of these causes. As doctors and state officials steadily lost faith in the capacity of asylum care to stem the terrible increase of insanity, they began emphasizing the need to curb the reproduction of the insane. They became obsessed with identifying weak or tainted families and anticipating the outcomes of their marriages. Genetics in the Madhouse is the untold story of how the collection and sorting of hereditary data in mental hospitals, schools for "feebleminded" children, and prisons gave rise to a new science of human heredity. In this compelling book, Theodore Porter draws on untapped archival evidence from across Europe and North America to bring to light the hidden history behind modern genetics. He looks at the institutional use of pedigree charts, censuses of mental illness, medical-social surveys, and other data techniques--innovative quantitative practices that were worked out in the madhouse long before the manipulation of DNA became possible in the lab. Porter argues that asylum doctors developed many of the ideologies and methods of what would come to be known as eugenics, and deepens our appreciation of the moral issues at stake in data work conducted on the border of subjectivity and science. A bold rethinking of asylum work, Genetics in the Madhouse shows how heredity was a human science as well as a medical and biological one.
Popular Sovereignty in Early Modern Constitutional Thought
Author: Daniel Lee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191062456
Pages: 375
Year: 2016-02-18
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Popular sovereignty - the doctrine that the public powers of state originate in a concessive grant of power from 'the people' - is perhaps the cardinal doctrine of modern constitutional theory, placing full constitutional authority in the people at large, rather than in the hands of judges, kings, or a political elite. Although its classic formulation is to be found in the major theoretical treatments of the modern state, such as in the treatises of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, this book explores the intellectual origins of this doctrine and investigates its chief source in late medieval and early modern thought. Long regarded the principal source for modern legal reasoning, Roman law had a profound impact on the major architects of popular sovereignty such as François Hotman, Jean Bodin, and Hugo Grotius. Adopting the juridical language of obligations, property, and personality as well as the model of the Roman constitution, these jurists crafted a uniform theory that located the right of sovereignty in the people at large as the legal owners of state authority. In recovering the origins of popular sovereignty, the book demonstrates the importance of the Roman law as a chief source of modern constitutional thought.
Blackstone and His Critics
Author: Anthony Page, Wilfrid Prest
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509910476
Pages: 208
Year: 2018-04-19
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William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-69) is perhaps the most elegant and influential legal text in the history of the common law. By one estimate, Blackstone has been cited well over 10,000 times in American judicial opinions alone. Prominent in recent reassessment of Blackstone and his works, Wilfrid Prest also convened the Adelaide symposia which have now generated two collections of essays: Blackstone and his Commentaries: Biography, Law, History (2009), and Re-Interpreting Blackstone's Commentaries: A Seminal Text in National and International Contexts (2014). This third collection focuses on Blackstone's critics and detractors. Leading scholars examine the initial reception of the Commentaries in the context of debates over law, religion and politics in eighteenth-century Britain and Ireland. Having shown Blackstone's volumes to be a contested work of the Enlightenment, the remaining chapters assess critical responses to Blackstone on family law, the status of women and legal education in Britain and America. While Blackstone and his Commentaries have been widely lauded and memorialised in marble, this volume highlights the extent to which they have also attracted censure, controversy and disparagement.
Magna Carta, Religion and the Rule of Law
Author: Robin Griffith-Jones, Mark Hill QC, Mark Hill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107100194
Pages: 431
Year: 2015-04-23
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"On a glorious sunny Saturday in June 2014, we had the pleasure of convening a conference in the Temple, the beating heart of legal London, under the title 'Magna Carta, Religion and the Rule of Law' focusing on the powerful narratives - then and now - of faith and governance. We had in mind a modest gathering, and thus we were delighted that in excess of two hundred people chose to attend"--
Making Manslaughter: Process, Punishment and Restitution in Württemberg and Zurich, 1376-1700
Author: Susanne Pohl-Zucker
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004344713
Pages: 348
Year: 2017-06-15
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Restitution : strategies of compensation and resolution in early modern Wurttemberg -- Prosecution : manslaughter and the superfacto procedure -- Legitimation : legal parameters and expert knowledge in Wurttemberg -- Homicide trials -- Accusations and mediations : the prosecution of manslaughter in Zurich -- Justification : defensive strategies in Zurich
Karl Marx
Author: Gareth Stedman Jones
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674974808
Pages: 720
Year: 2016-10-03
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Gareth Stedman Jones returns Karl Marx to his nineteenth-century world, before later inventions transformed him into Communism’s patriarch and fierce lawgiver. He shows how Marx adapted the philosophies of Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, and others into ideas that would have—in ways inconceivable to Marx—an overwhelming impact in the twentieth century.
Giza and the Pyramids
Author: Mark Lehner, Zahi A. Hawass
ISBN: 0500051895
Pages: 560
Year: 2017-10-26
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For more than 4,000 years the pyramids of Giza have stood like giant question marks that have intrigued and endlessly fascinated people. Who exactly built them? When? Why? And how did they create these colossal structures? But the pyramids are not a complete mystery - the stones, the hieroglyphs, the landscape and even the layers of sand and debris hold stories for us to read. Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass, with over four decades of involvement with Giza, provide their unique and personal insight into the site, bringing together all the information and evidence to create a record unparalleled in its detail and scope. The celebrated Great Pyramid of Khufu, or Cheops, is the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world still standing, but there is much more to Giza. We may think of the pyramids as rising from the desert, isolated and enigmatic, yet they were surrounded by temples, tombs, vast cemeteries and even teeming towns of the living. All are described in detail here and brought back to life, with hundreds of illustrations including detailed photographs of the monuments, excavations and objects, as well as plans, reconstructions and the latest images from remote-controlled cameras and laser scans. Through the ages, Giza and the pyramids have inspired the most extraordinary speculations and wild theories, but here, finally, in this prestigious publication, is the full story as told by the evidence on the ground, by the leading authorities on the site.
Order in the Court: Medieval Procedural Treatises in Translation
Author: Bruce Brasington
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004315322
Pages: 358
Year: 2016-03-14
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In Order in the Court, Brasington translates for the first time selected twelfth-century treatises on procedure in ecclesiastical courts. He also provides an introduction to Roman and canon-law procedure as well as commentary on the works.
The Making of an SS Killer
Author: Alex J. Kay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316558924
Year: 2016-04-11
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In this pioneering biography of a frontline Holocaust perpetrator, Alex J. Kay uncovers the life of SS Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Filbert, responsible as the first head of SS-Einsatzkommando 9, a mobile killing squad, for the murder of more than 18,000 Soviet Jews - men, women and children - on the Eastern Front. He reveals how Filbert, following the political imprisonment of his older brother, set out to prove his own ideological allegiance by displaying particular radicalism in implementing the orders issued by Hitler, Himmler and Heydrich. He also examines Filbert's post-war experiences, first in hiding and then being captured, tried and sentenced to life imprisonment. Released early, Filbert went on to feature in a controversial film in the lead role of an SS mass murderer. The book provides compelling new insights into the mindset and motivations of the men, like Filbert, who rose through the ranks of the Nazi regime.
The Euro and the Battle of Ideas
Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier, Harold James, Jean-Pierre Landau
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400883334
Pages: 448
Year: 2016-08-04
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Why is Europe's great monetary endeavor, the Euro, in trouble? A string of economic difficulties in Greece, Ireland, Spain, Italy, and other Eurozone nations has left observers wondering whether the currency union can survive. In this book, Markus Brunnermeier, Harold James, and Jean-Pierre Landau argue that the core problem with the Euro lies in the philosophical differences between the founding countries of the Eurozone, particularly Germany and France. But the authors also show how these seemingly incompatible differences can be reconciled to ensure Europe’s survival. As the authors demonstrate, Germany, a federal state with strong regional governments, saw the Maastricht Treaty, the framework for the Euro, as a set of rules. France, on the other hand, with a more centralized system of government, saw the framework as flexible, to be overseen by governments. The authors discuss how the troubles faced by the Euro have led its member states to focus on national, as opposed to collective, responses, a reaction explained by the resurgence of the battle of economic ideas: rules vs. discretion, liability vs. solidarity, solvency vs. liquidity, austerity vs. stimulus. Weaving together economic analysis and historical reflection, The Euro and the Battle of Ideas provides a forensic investigation and a road map for Europe’s future.
The Rage
Author: Julia Ebner
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1786722895
Pages: 272
Year: 2017-09-30
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The early twenty-first century has been defined by a rise in Islamist radicalisation and a concurrent rise in far right extremism. This book explores the interaction between the ‘new’ far right and Islamist extremists and considers the consequences for the global terror threat. Julia Ebner argues that far right and Islamist extremist narratives – ‘The West is at war with Islam’ and ‘Muslims are at war with the West’ - complement each other perfectly, making the two extremes rhetorical allies and building a spiralling torrent of hatred - ‘The Rage’. By looking at extremist movements both online and offline, she shows how far right and Islamist extremists have succeeded in penetrating each other’s echo chambers as a result of their mutually useful messages. Based on first-hand interviews, this book introduces readers to the world of reciprocal radicalisation and the hotbeds of extremism that have developed – with potentially disastrous consequences - in the UK, Europe and the US.
How Global Currencies Work
Author: Barry J. Eichengreen, Arnaud Mehl, Livia Chitu
ISBN: 0691177007
Pages: 250
Year: 2017-10
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"Cover" -- "Title" -- "Copyright" -- "Contents" -- "List of Tables" -- "List of Figures" -- "Acknowledgments" -- "1 Introduction" -- "2 The Origins of Foreign Balances" -- "3 From Jekyll Island to Genoa" -- "4 Reserve Currencies in the 1920s and 1930s" -- "5 The Role of Currencies in Financing International Trade" -- "6 Evidence from International Bond Markets" -- "7 Reserve Currency Competition in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century" -- "8 The Retreat of Sterling" -- "9 The Rise and Fall of the Yen" -- "10 The Euro as Second in Command" -- "11 Prospects for the Renminbi" -- "12 Conclusion" -- "Notes" -- "References