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Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1616402954
Pages: 450
Year: 2010-07-01
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In this 1710 treatise, Gottfried Liebniz's only book-length work, he applies the idea of philosophical "optimism"-that we live in the best of all possible worlds-to the "problem of evil"-If a benevolent God exists, why do terrible things happen? He explores the possibility that humanity's happiness is not necessarily part of God's plan. Much of Leibniz's thinking in the realm of the sciences flowed from his philosophy-he believed the universe to operate under simple, intelligible, interconnected rules. Understanding how he approached the metaphysical world and humanity's place in it is vital to understanding his contributions to modern science. The impact of the work of German mathematician GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ (1646-1716) on modern science and technology is all but incalculable. His notation for infinitesimal calculus-which he developed independently of Newton-remains in use today, and his invention of binary counting is the basis for modern computing. He was a powerfully influential philosopher as well, and is still considered, alongside Descartes and Spinoza, one of the great 17th-century rationalists.
Theological Theodicy
Author: Daniel Castelo
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1606086987
Pages: 116
Year: 2012-06-01
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The question of God's relationship to evil is a long-running one in the history of Christianity, and the term often deployed for this task has been theodicy. The way theodicy has historically been pursued, however, has been problematic on a number of counts. Most significantly, these efforts have generally been insufficiently theological. This work hopes to subvert and reconfigure the theodical task in a way that can be accessible to nonspecialists. Overall, the book hopes to cast the "god" of theodicy as the triune God of Christian confession, a move that shapes and alters distinctly all that follows in what has traditionally been considered a philosophical matter.
The Trinity and Theodicy
Author: Dr Jacob H Friesenhahn
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409481360
Pages: 210
Year: 2013-06-28
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Why does God permit the great suffering and evil that we see in our world? This basic question of human existence receives a fresh answer in this book as the mystery of evil is explored in the context of the mystery of the Trinity. God's permission of evil and the way in which suffering can lead human persons into the life of the Trinity are discussed in dialogue with the great Swiss theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar. In the light of Balthasar's model of the Trinity as divine self-giving love, we gain a profound grasp of the nature of suffering in human life by placing our suffering in the context of the divine life of the Triune God.
Pathways in Theodicy
Author: Mark S. M. Scott
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 1451469802
Pages: 232
Year: 2015-05-01
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Why does God permit evil and suffering? This question, known as the problem of evil in theological and philosophical circles, has perennially vexed Christian theology. Academic studies on the problem of evil, however, have failed to move the conversation forward in recent years. In this volume, designed for students and scholars alike, Mark S. M. Scott traces the major models and motifs in Christian explanations for evil (called theodicies) and argues for a thorough rethinking of the problem of evil and theodicy based on distinctly Christian theological criteria and resources.
Early Modern Women and the Problem of Evil
Author: Jill Graper Hernandez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131730733X
Pages: 158
Year: 2016-05-05
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Early Modern Women and the Problem of Evil examines the concept of theodicy—the attempt to reconcile divine perfection with the existence of evil—through the lens of early modern female scholars. This timely volume knits together the perennial problem of defining evil with current scholarly interest in women’s roles in the evolution of religious philosophy. Accessible for those without a background in philosophy or theology, Jill Graper Hernandez’s text will be of interest to upper-level undergraduates as well as graduate students and researchers.
Evil and Evolution: A Theodicy
Author: Richard W. Kropf
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1592447988
Pages: 208
Year: 2004-08-18
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First published in 1984 and recently revised and updated, this book deals with the problem of evil, or theodicy (God's justice). It contends that the process of evolution, particularly as it bears on the emergence of free will, rather than being a barrier to faith, gives us the key to understanding its greatest obstacle - the existence of so much suffering in the world. It further advances the still contested claim that God is truly our fellow sufferer in our struggle to overcome evil in all of its many forms.
God, Power, and Evil
Author: David Ray Griffin
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 0664229069
Pages: 336
Year: 1976
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The baffling age-old question, if there is a good God, why is there evil in the world? has troubled ordinary people and great thinkers for centuries. God, Power, and Evil illuminates the issues by providing both a critical historical survey of theodicy as presented in the works of major Western philosophers and theologians--Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus, Augustine, Aquinas, Spinoza, Luther, Calvin, Leibniz, Barth, John Hick, James Ross, Fackenheim, Brunner, Berkeley, Albert Knudson, E. S. Brighton, and others--and a brilliant constructive statement of an understanding of theodicy written from the perspective of the process philosophical and theological thought inspired primarily by Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne.
Satan and the Problem of Evil
Author: Gregory A. Boyd
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 0830898441
Pages: 456
Year: 2014-08-09
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Where does evil come from? If there is a sovereign creator God, as Christian faith holds, is this God ultimately responsible for evil? Does God's sovereignty mean that God causes each instance of sin and suffering? How do Satan, his demons and hell fit into God's providential oversight of all creation and history? How does God interact with human intention and action? If people act freely, does God know in particular every human decision before the choice is made? In this important book Gregory A. Boyd mounts a thorough response to these ages-old questions, which remain both crucial and contentious, both practical and complex. In this work Boyd defends his scripturally grounded trinitarian warfare theodicy (presented in God at War) with rigorous philosophical reflection and insights from human experience and scientific discovery. Critiquing the classical Calvinist solution to the problem of evil, he advocates an alternative understanding of the sovereignty of the trinitarian God and of the reality of Satan that sheds light on our fallen human condition. While all may not agree with Boyd's conclusions, Satan and the Problem of Evil promises to advance the church's discussion of these critical issues.
John Hick’s Theodicy
Author: C Robert Mesle, Nimrod Tal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349214353
Pages: 141
Year: 1991-07-30
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A Creation-order Theodicy
Author: Bruce A. Little
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761828060
Pages: 203
Year: 2005
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Does the existence of evil disprove the existence of God? Little (philosophy of religion, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary) examines the "Greater-Good" theodicy, which he considers an especially useful tool by atheists, and finds it flawed at its foundation. To prove his assertions Little examines how the "Greater-Good" theodicy came about
The Problem of Animal Pain
Author: T. Dougherty
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137443170
Pages: 197
Year: 2014-07-22
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Animal suffering constitutes perhaps the greatest challenge to rational belief in the existence of God. Considerations that render human suffering theologically intelligible seem inapplicable to animal suffering. In this book, Dougherty defends radical possibilities for animal afterlife that allow a soul-making theodicy to apply to their case.
Tragic Vision and Divine Compassion
Author: Wendy Farley
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 0664250963
Pages: 150
Year: 1990-01-01
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Offering an alternative to classic Christian theodicies (justification of God's goodness and omnipotence in view of the existence of evil), Wendy Farley interprets the problem of evil and suffering within a tragic context, advocating compassion to describe the power of God in the struggle against evil.
Encountering Evil
Author: Stephen T. Davis
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
ISBN: 066422251X
Pages: 220
Year: 2001-01-01
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Eight prominent philosophers and theologians confront the problems posed by natural and human evil for theistic belief. Each thinker sets out his or her theodicy and its connections to current social and philosophical debates. The other contributors then offer critiques of each theodicy, to which its author subsequently responds. The result is a valuable introduction to philosophical and theological perspectives on contemporary evil and to the nature of discourse in the philosophy of religion.
God and Evil
Author: David Birnbaum
Publisher: KTAV Publishing House, Inc.
ISBN: 0881253073
Pages: 266
Year: 1989-01-01
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New Essays on Leibniz's Theodicy
Author: Larry M. Jorgensen, Samuel Newlands
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199660034
Pages: 257
Year: 2014-01
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G. W. Leibniz's account in the Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil (1710) remains one of the most abiding systematic accounts of how evil is compatible with divine goodness. Any treatment on the problem of evil must, at some point, come to grips with Leibniz's proposed solution. This volume celebrates the 300th anniversary of the publication of the Theodicy, a prime opportunity to revisit and deepenour understanding of this important text. Leading scholars on Leibniz present original essays which critically evaluate Leibniz's Theodicy, providing a window on the historical context of the Theodicy and giving closeattention to the subtle and enduring philosophical arguments.